[accordion] [acc_item title=”General”] Capital – Muscat
Land Size – 309,500 sq km
Population – 2,967,717
Language(s) – Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects
[/acc_item] [acc_item title=”History”]

  • 1985 (June) – EMS planning first initiated
  • 1986 – Formation of EMS national committee
  • 1991 – Public Authority of Ambulance Services (PAAS) established
  • 2000 – program reactivated under Royal Oman Police (ROP)
    • Joint committee between ROP and MOH formed for development of modern EMS system
  • 2001 – Ambulance Division Project Committee formed
    • Group of Omani MDs and RNs from various specialties sent to Ronald Regan Institute of Emergency Medicine to formulate advanced emergency medical care training program
    • Trained as instructors and set standards for Omani EMS
  • April 6th, 2004 – service officially launched
    • Personnel qualified to AEMT level
    • Scope originally directed towards trauma and injuries
      • Has since expanded to all medical emergencies
[/acc_item] [acc_item title=”EMS System Model”]
  • Anglo-American
    • Ambulance personnel trained to AEMT-level
  • Regionalized ambulance stations placed for rapid response
  • Response time goals
    • Urban – <10mins 80%
    • Rural – <20mins 80%
[/acc_item] [acc_item title=”Lead Agency”]
  • Royal Oman Police
[/acc_item] [acc_item title=”Funding”]
  • Funded entirely by Royal Oman Police (government)
    • Provided free of charge, regardless of insurance status
[/acc_item] [acc_item title=”Levels of Care”]
  • Staffing
    • 2 AEMTS and 1 driver (first aid)
  • Ambulances
    • “Very modern and equipped with excellent equipment and state of the art supplies” (Khalifah, 741)
      • Meet American KKK-A-specifications
    • 23 permanent ambulance units
      • Serve >70% of Omani population
      • 5 temporary units during summer Salalah Festival
  • On-line and off-line medical control exist
[/acc_item] [acc_item title=”Education and Training”]
  • Course Requirements (Khalifah, 741):
    • 1. Completed general science secondary school certificate with 70% or above grade.
    • 2. Physically and medically fit.
    • 3. Never been convicted in any criminal record.
      • After passing the recruitment process the training program for AEMTs is divided into three periods:
        • First period: this lasts for 6 months and it covers basic police sciences and police training. This period is spent at the Sul- tan Qaboos Academy of Police Sciences.
        • Second period: this is a foundation course that lasts for 1 year and covers English language, Physiology and Anatomy and basic computer sciences.
        • Third period: this is a 1-year period of specialized training. This is divided into three semesters of 16 weeks each:
          • A – 1st semester: covers trauma and patient assessment.
          • B – 2nd semester: covers medical emergencies and patient assessment.
          • C – 3rd semester: covers special cases and selected topics.
    • Written and practical examinations after each semester
      • Linked to tertiary hospitals to further expose them to emergency cases and skills practice
    • Graduates given Field Preceptors (senior AEMTs) for 6-8mos prior to field assignment
  • Instruction
    • Provided by specialized Omani instructors trained by respected international EMS institutes
      • AHA, NAEMT
    • Courses (originally adopted from US-NHTSA EMT-Paramedic curriculum)
      • BLS, ACLS, BTLS, PHTLS, PALS, and other emergency care courses
[acc_item title=”Specialty Services”]
  • First aid/injury prevention programs are taught by Omani EMS
  • Community-based activities aimed at teaching recognition and treatment of life-threatening conditions prior to ambulance arrival
[/acc_item] [acc_item title=”Dispatch”]
  • 9999 – nationwide toll-free emergency number
    • Connected to central public service call center
    • Forwarded to appropriate service
  • Currently no medical assistance provided by dispatchers to callers
  • Communications
    • Muscat – Digital communication system (TETRA)
    • Outside capital – VHF radios connected to central communication centers
[/acc_item] [acc_item title=”Future Goals”]
  • “Develop and run a medically oriented EMS exclusive dispatch center” (Khalifah, 742)
    • More interagency communication
    • Allow dispatchers to provide online medical instructions to callers
    • Improve initial triage
  • Cover entire country w/in 5 years (as of 2009)
  • Plans for Aero-medical ambulance incorporation
[/acc_item] [acc_item title=”References”] [/acc_item] [/accordion]
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