In a formal review, the Tanzanian government evaluated 35 district hospitals, 13 regional hospitals, 3 special hospitals, and 4 referral hospitals. For a complete overview of the different levels of care in Tanzania along with resource and staffing requirements, see this document from the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare.
A 2013 study that surveyed 10 hospitals found that none of the district hospitals surveyed had a triage area or emergency room. The study found a low level of emergency care training for staff across all of the types of hospitals (see Baker 2013).
Adhvaryu AR, Beegle K. “The Long-Run Impacts of Adult Deaths on Older Household Members in Tanzania.” Economic Development and Cultural Change; 2012;60(2):245–77.
Baker T, Lugazia E. “Emergency and critical care services in Tanzania: a survey of ten hospitals.” BMC Health Serv Res. 2013 Apr 20;13:140–9.
Casey ER, Muro F, Thielman N. “Analysis of traumatic injuries presenting to areferral hospital emergency department in Moshi,Tanzania.” Int J Emerg Med. 2012 Jul 30;5(28):1–7.
Chalya PL, Dass RM, Mchembe MD, Mbelenge N, Ngayomela IH, Chandika AB, et al. “Citywide trauma experience in Mwanza, Tanzania: a need for urgent intervention.” J Trauma Manag Outcomes; 2013 Nov 11;7(1):1–1.
Chalya PL, Mabula JB, Dass RM, Mbelenge N, Ngayomela IH, Chandika AB, et al. “Injury characteristics and outcome of road traffic crash victims at Bugando Medical Centre in Northwestern Tanzania.” J Trauma Manag Outcomes. BioMed Central Ltd; 2012 Feb 9;6(1):1.
Cox M, Shao J. “Emergency medicine in a developing country: Experience from Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Tanzania, East Africa.” Emerg Med Australas. 2007 Oct;19(5):470–5.
Evjen-Olsen B, Olsen Ø, Kvåle G. “Achieving progress in maternal and neonatal health through integrated and comprehensive healthcare services – experiences from a programme in northern Tanzania.” Int J Equity Health. 2009;8(1):27.
Little RM, Kelso MD, Shofer FS, Arasaratnam MH, Wentworth S, Martin IBK. “Acute care in Tanzania: Epidemiology of acute care in a small community medical centreLes soins aigus en Tanzanie: Épidémiologie des soins aigus dans un petit centre médical communautaire.” Afri J Emerg Med; 2013 Dec 1;3(4):164–71.
Lund Sorensen B, Bruun Nielsen B, Raschl V, Elsass P. “User and provider perspectives on emergency obstetric care in a Tanzanian rural setting: A qualitative analysis of the three delays model in a field study.” African Journal of Reproductive Health. 2011 Sep 1;15(2):117–30.
Nicks BA, Sawe HR, Juma AM, Reynolds TA. “The state of emergency medicine in the United Republic of Tanzania.” Afri J Emerg Med; 2012 Sep 1;2(3):97–102.
Pereira C, Mbaruku G, Nzabuhakwa C, Bergström S, McCord C. “Emergency obstetric surgery by non-physician clinicians in Tanzania.” Int J Gynaecol Obstet; 2011 Aug 1;114(2):180–3.
Reynolds TA, Mfinanga JA, Sawe HR, Runyon MS, Mwafongo V. “Emergency care capacity in Africa: A clinical and educational initiative in Tanzania.” J Public Health Policy 2012 Dec 5;33(S1):S126–37.
Schmid T, Kanenda O, Ahluwalia I, Kouletio M. “Transportation for Maternal Emergencies in Tanzania: Empowering Communities Through Participatory Problem Solving.” Am J Pub Health. 2001 Oct 17;91(10):1589–90.
Spangler SA. “Assessing skilled birth attendants and emergency obstetric care in rural Tanzania: the inadequacy of using global standards and indicators to measure local realities.” Reproductive Health Matters; 2012 Jun 1;20(39):133–41.
This database page is intended for informational purposes only, and in no way pretends to be an official directory with comprehensive and/or real-time information. Given the difficulties we’ve found in our own work finding reliable information on emergency medical systems in many countries, we thought it useful to post and share this information for public use. Any data, links, reports, assessments, opinions or other pertinent information should always be double-checked directly with the source. If you wish to contribute to this or any other database page, we’d be very happy to have the help! Please send us an email with “Database:[Country Name]” in the subject line.