The Prehospital Reader

A short collection of recommended reading describing prehospital emergency care development in low- and middle-income countries.

Cambodia

Husum H, Gilbert M, Wisborg T. Training pre-hospital trauma care in low-income countries: the “Village University” experience. Med Teach 2003;25(2):142–148. [$]

Husum H, Gilbert M, Wisborg T, Van Heng Y, Murad M. Rural Prehospital Trauma Systems Improve Trauma Outcome in Low-Income Countries. J Trauma 2003;54(6):1188–1196. [$]

India

Ramanujam P, Aschkenasy M. Identifying the need for pre-hospital and emergency care in the developing world: a case study in Chennai, India. J Assoc Physicians India 2007;55:491–495. [Free]

Roy N, Murlidhar V, Chowdhury R, Patil SB, Supe PA, Vaishnav PD, Vatkar A. Where there are no emergency medical services-prehospital care for the injured in Mumbai, India. Prehosp Disaster Med 2010;25(2):145–151. [$]

Subhan I, Jain A. Emergency care in India: the building blocks. Int J Emerg Med 2010 Aug.;3(4):207–211. [Free]

Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic

Arellano N, Mello MJ, Clark MA. The role of motorcycle taxi drivers in the pre-hospital care of road traffic injury victims in rural Dominican Republic. Inj Prev 2010 doi:10.1136/ip.2009.025627. [Free]

Báez AA, Lane P. Emergency Medical Services Workforce in the City of Santo Domingo. Prehosp Emerg Care 2002;6:336–339. [$]

Báez AA, Giraldez E. Knowledge and Attitudes of the Out-Of-Hospital Emergency Care Consumers in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Prehosp Disaster Med 2008;23(4):373–276. [Free]

Iran

Nafissi N, Saghafinia M, Balochi K. Improving trauma care in rural Iran by training existing treatment chains. Rural Remote Health 2008;8(4):881. [Free]

Khorasani-Zavareh D, Khankeh HR, Mohammadi R, Laflamme L, Bikmoradi A, Haglund BJ. Post-crash management of road traffic injury victims in Iran. Stakeholders’ views on current barriers and potential facilitators. BMC Emerg Med 2009;12(9):8. [Free]

Saghafinia M, Nafissi N, Asadollahi R. Effect of the Rural Rescue System on Reducing the Mortality Rate of Landmine Victims: A Prospective Study in Ilam Province, Iran. Prehosp DIsas Med 2009;24(2):126-9. [Free]

Ethiopia

Pozner CN, Bayleygne TM, Davis MA, Benin-Goren O, Noble VE, Halpern P. Emergency medical services capacities in the developing world: preliminary evaluation and training in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Prehosp Emerg Care 2003;7(3):392–396. [$]

Iraq

Husum H, Gilbert M, Wisborg T, Van Heng Y, Murad M. Rural Prehospital Trauma Systems Improve Trauma Outcome in Low-Income Countries. J Trauma 2003;54(6):1188–1196. [$]

Murad MK, Husum H. Trained lay first responders reduce trauma mortality: a controlled study of rural trauma in Iraq. Prehosp Disaster Med 2010;25(6):533–539. [Free]

Husum H, Gilbert M, Wisborg T. Training pre-hospital trauma care in low-income countries: the “Village University” experience. Med Teach 2003;25(2):142–148. [$]

Ghana

Tiska MA. A model of prehospital trauma training for lay persons devised in Africa. Emerg Med J 2004;21(2):237–239. [Free]

Mock CN, Tiska M, Adu-Ampofo M, Boakye G. Improvements in prehospital trauma care in an African country with no formal emergency medical services. J Trauma 2002;53(1):90–97. [$]

Madagascar

Geduld H, Wallis L. Taxi driver training in Madagascar: the first step in developing a functioning prehospital emergency care system. Emerg Med J 2010 doi:10.1136/emj.2010.101683. [Free]

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