SKOR_map



[accordion] [acc_item title=”General”] Capital – Seoul
Land Size – 96,920 sq km
Population – 48,636,068
Language(s) – Korean

[/acc_item] [acc_item title=”Prehospital Care Overview”]
  • Rapid development of prehospital and emergency medicine in past 2 decades, caused by:
    • Major disasters in 1990s
    • Response to needs of hosting major international sporting events
[/acc_item] [acc_item title=”History”]
  • Prior to 1988 Seoul Olympic Games
    • Only FD was responsible for fire-fighting and life-saving
    • Private ambulances used for transfers and emergency rescue activities
    • Preparations for Olympics included reorganizing fire stations to provide emergency rescue activities through newly established Special Rescue Service
  • 1990s Disasters (revealed gaps in EMS system)
    • 1994 – Suns-Su Bridge collapse
      • 30 killed; 20 injured
    • 1995 – Sampoong Department Store collapse
      • 500 killed; 900 injured
    • 1995 – Daegu gas explosions
      • 100 killed; 200 injured
  • Resulted in creation of National 119 Rescue Service
    • Local 119 Rescues Services subordinate to National Service
  • 2002- FIFA World Cup (joint-hosting with Japan)
    • National 119 Rescue Service reorganized
    • Linked EMS with hospital EDs
      • Collaborated with national Emergency Physicians’ Association (est. 1996)
    • Reorganization proved successful during World Cup
      • Also proven effective in subsequent Daegu subway fire where response was significant improvement from past disasters
[/acc_item] [acc_item title=”EMS System Model”]
  • Two-tiered
  • 119 Rescue Services – Prehospital Care
    • Affiliated with 150 local fire stations, nation-wide
    • Fully responsible entire scope of emergency rescue services
      • Rescue Team
        • Nurse
        • EMT-1 & 2 (BLS only)
        • Accredited Specialist
      • Ambulance
  • 1139 Service
    • Emergency Medical Information Center
      • Coordinates communication between ambulances, emergency medical facilities and hospitals
    • Inter-facility transfers
    • Some scene response though “more focused on rapid transfer to a hospital rather than on prehospital care”
  • Ambulance Equipment
    • O2/BVM/Intubation kit
    • MAST/Splints
    • AED/Lab Test Equipment
    • Drugs:
      • Atropine/Epinephrine
      • Lidocaine
      • Analgesics
      • Antihistamine
[/acc_item] [acc_item title=”Public Access Number”]
  • 119 – National Rescue Service
[/acc_item] [acc_item title=”Emergency Medicine”]
  • Public & Private hospital EDs
  • Overcrowding is a problem
[/acc_item] [acc_item title=”References”] [/acc_item] [/accordion]
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